Tuolumne County, California

Tuolumne County, California
County of Tuolumne
2009-0724-CA-TuolumneCtyCt.jpg
Columbia California.jpg
Tuolumne Meadows Sunset.jpg
Images, from top down, left to right: The Tuolumne County Courthouse in Sonora, a shop in Columbia State Historic Park, Tuolumne Meadows in Yosemite National Park
Flag of Tuolumne County, California
Flag
Official seal of Tuolumne County, California
Seal
Location in the state of California
Location in the state of California
California's location in the United States
California's location in the United States
Country United States
State California
RegionsSierra Nevada, Gold Country
IncorporatedFebruary 15, 1850[1]
County seatSonora
Largest citySonora
Government
 • County AdministratorCraig Pedro[not verified in body]
 • BodyBoard of Supervisors
Area
 • Total2,274 sq mi (5,890 km2)
 • Land2,221 sq mi (5,750 km2)
 • Water57 sq mi (150 km2)
Population
 • Total54,539
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
54,539
 • Density24/sq mi (9.3/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific Time Zone)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (Pacific Daylight Time)
Websitewww.co.tuolumne.ca.us
Very fine old crystalline-gold specimen, probably from Tuolumne County. Sold in the 1950s for $65; more recently for $12,500. Published twice.[4]

Tuolumne County (/tuˈɒləmi/), officially the County of Tuolumne, is a county in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 54,539.[2] The county seat and only incorporated city is Sonora.[5]

Tuolumne County comprises the Sonora, CA Micropolitan Statistical Area. The county is in the Sierra Nevada region.

The northern half of Yosemite National Park is located in the eastern part of the county.

Etymology

The name Tuolumne is of Native American origin and has been given different meanings, such as Many Stone Houses, The Land of Mountain Lions, and Straight Up Steep, the latter an interpretation of , a native Chief.[6] Mariano Vallejo, in his report to the first California State Legislature, said that the word is "a corruption of the Indian word talmalamne which signifies 'cluster of stone wigwams.'" The name may mean "people who dwell in stone houses," i.e., in caves.


History

Tuolumne County Boundaries

One of California's original 27 Counties, Tuolumne was organized in 1850.

Prior to the official naming of counties by the state, Tuolumne was sometimes referred to as Oro County.

The original lines of Tuolumne County were not long established. In 1854 and 1855 the portion of Tuolumne County that extended west into the San Joaquin Valley was reorganized as Stanislaus County. In 1864 a number of the original counties including Tuolumne contributed lands that would lead to the establishment of Alpine County to the northeast. With the State's Adoption of the Political Code in 1872 the current boundaries of Tuolumne County were largely established as shown in the maps below.

Tuolumne map.jpg
Tuolumne County 1935 Map.jpg

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,274 square miles (5,890 km2), of which 2,221 square miles (5,750 km2) is land and 54 square miles (140 km2) (2.4%) is water.[7] A California Department of Forestry document reports Tuolumne County's 1,030,812 acres (4,171.55 km2) include federal lands such as Yosemite National Park, Stanislaus National Forest, Bureau of Land Management lands, and Indian reservations. Notable landforms in the county include Table Mountain.

Special Districts

Special districts in Tuolumne County include:

  • Belleview Elementary School District
  • Big Oak Flat-Groveland Unified School District
  • Chinese Camp Elementary School District
  • Columbia Fire District
  • Columbia Union Elementary School District
  • Curtis Creek Elementary School District
  • Groveland Community Services District
  • Jamestown Elementary School District
  • Jamestown Fire District
  • Mi-Wuk Sugar Pine Fire Protection District
  • Sonora Elementary School District
  • Sonora Union High School District
  • Soulsbyville Elementary School District
  • Strawberry Fire District
  • Summerville Elementary School District
  • Summerville Union High School District
  • Tuolumne County Air Pollution Control District
  • Tuolumne County Water District No. 1
  • Tuolumne Fire District
  • Tuolumne Regional Water District
  • Tuolumne Utilities District
  • Twain Harte Fire District
  • Twain Harte-Long Barn Union Elementary School District
  • Yosemite Community College District

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Area of Critical Environmental Concern (ACEC)

Transportation

Major highways

Public transportation

bus routes radiate from Sonora to serve most of the county. In Columbia, a connection can be made to Calaveras County Transit. Yosemite Area Regional Transportation System (YARTS) makes a single daily round trip from Sonora into Yosemite Valley during summer months only. YARTS is set to begin a second daily round trip in June 2013. For details visit www.yarts.com or tuolumnecountytransit.com

Airports

Columbia Airport and Pine Mountain Lake Airport are both general aviation airports located in the Southwest and Northeast corners of the county respectively.

Crime

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Cities by population and crime rates

Demographics

2011

Places by population, race, and income

2010

Historical population
CensusPop.
18508,351
186016,22994.3%
18708,150−49.8%
18807,848−3.7%
18906,082−22.5%
190011,16683.6%
19109,979−10.6%
19207,768−22.2%
19309,27119.3%
194010,88717.4%
195012,58415.6%
196014,40414.5%
197022,16953.9%
198033,92853.0%
199048,45642.8%
200054,50112.5%
201055,3651.6%
Est. 201854,539[3]−1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[17]
1790-1960[18] 1900-1990[19]
1990-2000[20] 2010-2015[2]

The 2010 United States Census reported that Tuolumne County had a population of 55,365. The racial makeup of Tuolumne County was 48,274 (87.2%) White, 1,143 (2.1%) African American, 1,039 (1.9%) Native American, 572 (1.0%) Asian, 76 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 2,238 (4.0%) from other races, and 2,023 (3.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5,918 persons (10.7%).[21]

2000

As of the census[22] of 2000, there were 54,501 people, 21,004 households, and 14,240 families residing in the county. The population density was 9/km² (24/mi²). There were 28,336 housing units at an average density of 5/km² (13/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.5% White, 2.1% Black or African American, 1.8% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 2.9% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. 8.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 94.7% spoke English and 3.5% Spanish as their first language.

There were 21,004 households out of which 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.4% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the county, the population was spread out with 20.7% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 111.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,725, and the median income for a family was $44,327. Males had a median income of $35,373 versus $25,805 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,015. About 8.1% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over.

County Government and Policing

The Government of Tuolumne County is established and defined by the California Constitution and is a five member elected Board Of Supervisors who serve four year elected terms. The government provides services such as elections and voter registration, law enforcement, jails, vital records, property records, tax collection, public health, and social services. The Board is government for all unincorporated areas. The county seat Sonora is the only incorporated city in Tuolumne County.

Sheriff

The Tuolumne County Sheriff provides court protection, jail administration, and coroner services for the entire county with 55,000 population. It provides patrol and detective services for the unincorporated areas of the county.

Municipal police

Municipal police department in the county is: Sonora, population 5,000.

Politics

Voter registration statistics

Cities by population and voter registration

Overview

Tuolumne county tends to vote Republican in Presidential and congressional elections. The last Democrat to win the county was Bill Clinton in 1992. In the 2008 presidential election, 14,988 votes were counted for John McCain with former president Barack Obama receiving 11,532 votes.[24]

Presidential elections results
Presidential election results[25]
YearGOPDEMOthers
201656.20% 14,55135.23% 9,1238.57% 2,219
201256.06% 13,88040.38% 9,9983.55% 880
200854.90% 14,98842.24% 11,5322.87% 783
200460.02% 15,74538.51% 10,1041.47% 386
200055.51% 13,17239.44% 9,3595.04% 1,196
199647.27% 10,38640.73% 8,95012.00% 2,636
199235.26% 8,52538.12% 9,21626.62% 6,437
198854.00% 10,64644.22% 8,7171.79% 352
198458.09% 10,48540.35% 7,2831.57% 283
198054.85% 8,81033.92% 5,44911.23% 1,804
197646.94% 6,10449.93% 6,4923.13% 407
197254.29% 5,89442.34% 4,5963.37% 366
196847.48% 4,33042.91% 3,9139.61% 876
196436.59% 2,86163.16% 4,9390.26% 20
196049.11% 3,69150.31% 3,7810.59% 44
195652.12% 3,61947.67% 3,3100.20% 14
195259.18% 4,05039.96% 2,7350.86% 59
194848.21% 2,63946.78% 2,5615.01% 274
194441.77% 1,86457.51% 2,5660.72% 32
194035.63% 2,00462.96% 3,5411.40% 79
193626.40% 1,19972.72% 3,3030.88% 40
193230.18% 1,14566.45% 2,5213.37% 128
192854.80% 1,73143.05% 1,3602.15% 68
192443.03% 1,28711.94% 35745.04% 1,347
192059.38% 1,28530.45% 65910.17% 220
191636.17% 1,05754.21% 1,5849.62% 281
19120.30% 855.58% 1,45944.11% 1,158
190844.40% 94341.34% 87814.27% 303
190448.76% 1,28038.32% 1,00612.91% 339
190045.09% 1,30952.70% 1,5302.20% 64
189638.06% 83459.70% 1,3082.24% 49
189240.56% 73950.27% 9169.16% 167

Tuolumne County is in California's 4th congressional district, represented by Republican Tom McClintock.[26] In the state legislature Tuolumne is in the 5th Assembly district, which is held by Republican Frank Bigelow, and the 8th Senate district, which is held by Republican Andreas Borgeas.

Communities

City

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Tuolumne County.[27]

county seat

RankCity/Town/etc.Municipal typePopulation (2010 Census)

1 SonoraCity4,610
2Phoenix LakeCDP4,269
3JamestownCDP3,433
4Mono VistaCDP3,127
5Pine Mountain LakeCDP2,796
6ColumbiaCDP2,297
7East SonoraCDP2,266
8Twain HarteCDP2,226
9SoulsbyvilleCDP2,215
10Tuolumne CityCDP1,779
11Cedar RidgeCDP1,132
12Mi-Wuk VillageCDP941
13TuttletownCDP668
14GrovelandCDP601
15Sierra VillageCDP456
16Tuolumne Rancheria[28]AIAN185
17Cold SpringsCDP181
18Long BarnCDP155
19Chinese CampCDP126
20StrawberryCDP126
21Chicken Ranch Rancheria[29]AIAN91

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes.
  2. ^ Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  3. ^ Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native
  4. ^ a b Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.

References

  1. ^ "Chronology". California State Association of Counties. Retrieved February 6, 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved December 3, 2019.
  4. ^ rar09-mf07 - Gold - $ 12,500 SOLD Archived May 14, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, scroll down
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. ^ "Chief Fuller Historical Monument". Twainhartevisitor.com. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B02001. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Office of the Attorney General, Department of Justice, State of California. Table 11: Crimes – 2009 Archived December 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  10. ^ a b c United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. Crime in the United States, 2012, Table 8 (California). Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  11. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B03003. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  12. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19301. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  13. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19013. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  14. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19113. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  15. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  16. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B01003. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  17. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
  18. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
  19. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
  20. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
  21. ^ "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau.
  22. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q California Secretary of State. February 10, 2013 - Report of Registration Archived July 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-10-31.
  24. ^ "Local and National Election Results - Election Center 2008 - Elections & Politics from CNN.com". Cnn.com. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  25. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved September 6, 2018.
  26. ^ "California's 4th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
  27. ^ "Census Coverage Measurement". Census.gov. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  28. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search : Tuolumne Rancheria". Census.gov. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  29. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search : Chicken Ranch Rancheria". Census.gov. Retrieved November 7, 2017.

Further reading

  • A Memorial and Biographical History of the Counties of Merced, Stanislaus, Calaveras, Tuolumne and Mariposa, California. Chicago: Lewis Publishing Co., 1892.
  • "Tuolumne-Calaveras Unit: 2005 Pre-Fire Management Plan, September 28, 2005 Edition," California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection, 09-28-2005, pp. 16.
  • US Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics.
  • CNN News, "Local and National Election Results - Election Center 2008", CNN News, November, 2008.

External links

Coordinates: 38°01′N 119°56′W / 38.02°N 119.94°W / 38.02; -119.94